Read this article to learn about the Dalit movement in India! Dalit means all those people of different castes and sub-castes among the depressed classes who were traditionally subjected to invidious discriminations on grounds of untouchability, and categorized as the untouchables, downtrodden, exterior classes, depressed classes or Scheduled Castes. It is a movement of protest against untouchability, casteism and superstitions. It aims at the uplift of the Dalits to the level of non -Dalits.
In Classical Sanskrit, this means "divided, split, broken, scattered". This word was repurposed in 19th-century Sanskrit to mean " a person not belonging to one of the four Brahminic castes". Ambedkar —himself a Dalit,  and in the s its use was invigorated when it was adopted by the Dalit Panthers activist group.
While use of the term might seem to express an appropriate solidarity with the contemporary face of Untouchable politics, there remain major problems in adopting it as a generic term. Although the word is now quite widespread, it still has deep roots in a tradition of political radicalism inspired by the figure of B.
This may be due to their improved circumstances giving rise to a desire not to be associated with the what they perceive to be the demeaning Dalit masses.
Inthe NCSC noted that some state governments used Dalits rather than Scheduled Castes in documentation and asked them to desist. It can include nomadic tribes and another official classification that also originated with the British Raj positive discrimination efforts inbeing the Scheduled Tribes.
The name was disliked by Ambedkar as it emphasised the Dalits as belonging to the Greater Hindu Nation rather than being an independent community like Muslims.
When untouchability was outlawed after Indian independence, the use of the word Harijan to describe the ex-untouchables was more common among other castes than the Dalits themselves.
This practice began aroundwhen the Adi- prefix was appropriated by Dalit leaders in the region. It embodies a theory that they were the original inhabitants of India, although this is dubious.
Most other communities prefer to use their own caste name. The impure status was related to their historic hereditary occupations that Hindus considered to be "polluting" or debased, such as working with leather, working with night soil and other dirty work.
The colonial government expelled Dalits, along with their traditional profession of leather and tannery work, from Mumbai Bombay peninsula to create Dharavi. This is despite the work of Harichand Thakur ca.
Ambedkar himself believed Walangkar to be the progenitor. The Constitution of India, introduced after the country gained independenceincluded measures to improve the socioeconomic conditions of Dalits.
Aside from banning untouchability, these included the reservation system, a means of positive discrimination that created the classifications of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes OBCs. Communities that were categorised as being one of those groups were guaranteed a percentage of the seats in the national and state legislatures, as well as in government jobs and places of education.
The system has its origins in the Poona Pact between Ambedkar and Gandhi, when Ambedkar conceded his demand that the Dalits should have an electorate separate from the caste Hindus in return for Gandhi accepting measures along these lines.
According to a report by Human Rights Watch HRWthe treatment of Dalits has been like a "hidden apartheid" and that they "endure segregation in housing, schools, and access to public services". In rural India, stated Klaus Klostermaier in"they still live in secluded quarters, do the dirtiest work, and are not allowed to use the village well and other common facilities".
In urban areas, Some Dalit intellectuals, such as Chandra Bhan Prasadhave argued that the living standards of many Dalits have improved since the economic liberalisation[ clarification needed ] began in and have supported their claims through large surveys.
While 45 per cent of SC households are landless and earn a living by manual casual labour, the figure is 30 per cent for Adivasis. In 79 per cent of the schools studied, Dalit children are forbidden from touching mid-day meals.Useful Notes on Dalit Movement in India ( Words) Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the Dalit movement in India!
Essay on the Impact of Islam on Indian Society ( Words) The Social Movements in Islam ( Words) No comments yet. The women’s movement, the dalit movement, the dalit women’s movement and Feminism in India has to be situated within the particular history of colonialism, nationalism, modernity, nation-state, and presently the global world order with global institutions like the IMF, the World Bank and the United Nations.
Read this essay on Dalits. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. DALITS OF INDIA 9 What is the caste system? Historically the caste system has formed the social and economic framework for the life of the people in India.
Evolution of dalit literary movement The movement had two phases, the first phase . The term” Dalit literature” can into use in , when the first conference of Maharashtra Dalit Sahitya Sangha (Maharashtra Dalit Literature Society). Dalit literature is an important stream of Indian writing in English and other languages of India.
Dalit literature is literature written by the Dalits about their lives. (who founded Dalit Panther), these Dalit writings paved way for the strengthening of Dalit movement.
Notable Dalit authors writing in Marathi include Arun Kamble, Dalit writing becomes an all-India phenomenon. This writing reformulates the caste question and. Dalit Panther is inspired by Black Panther Party, a revolutionary movement amongst African-Americans, which emerged in the United States and functioned from The name of the organization was borrowed from the ‘Black Panther’ Movement of the USA.